Deeper Dive on Gov 2.0

Currently: a six-part condensed series bringing thought leaders into conversation to discuss the digitization of government services

Feel free to email us with questions — cazarmetech@gmail.com

Disclaimer: Bolded text is written by humans, non-bolded text is written through computation

Original Length: 1:43mins + 51:15mins + ~7 min read + ~5 min read + 13:53 mins + ~4 min scan = 75.11 mins = 1 hr 15 mins

After cazarme: ~ 6 min read (according to medium)

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Part 1:

After a conversation with YCombinator, cazarme had no idea what Gov 2.0 was, so cazarme decided to use a few algorithms to simplify the concept. Also, why wouldn’t cazarme help to pave the path to a digital infrastructure.

Original Source : https://youtu.be/MFqMaVn5r-Y

1. Founders who want to build for the social good are eligible to participate.

2. Founders should be leveraging software to solve big social problems.

3. Even if your goal isn’t to make money, YC is still interested in funding you.

4. Founders should be building a real, [for-profit] business.

5. Founders should be ambitious and have a good idea.

6. You should be starting a company that is useful and needed.

7. Founders should be going after problems that have been neglected by governments.

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Part 2:

cazarme dug a little deeper into Gov 2.0 and found it referenced earlier by Tim O’Reilly. Here is the original idea.

Original Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=evTtxTrzP8U

  1. Open data: “It’s really about using the kind of radical transparency that is embodied in companies like google and apple as a way to hack political change.”
  2. The Internet as a platform: the early net had a different politics than today’s world of walled gardens and geopolitics, with their outmoded ideas of borders and boundaries.
  3. Web 2.0 was an attempt to create this transition into a universal information society but it has not materialized in practice despite the potential for “open data” that several governments have now shown interest in
  4. Open data advocates don’t want to re-invent all current institutions, rather they want to liberate them from some of their existing inefficiencies
  5. The Gov 2.0 summit brought together 300 experts for its two days of discussions on how governments could use platforms as enablers instead of service providers
  6. The trend is for the government to adopt private-sector web technologies (Web 2.0, cloud computing) — Government must use web technologies as if they were simple off-the-shelf software — Government should use internet technologies (social media in particular) to educate the public rather than simply broadcast a message — Web 2.0 brings a new culture of service delivery in US government agencies and, with it, a call for change among bureaucrats that may not yet be apparent.
  7. The use of social media by government should be about conversation not broadcast…
  8. Government has learned how to utilise SMS to organise and interact with individuals as well as other organisations (such as NGOs).
  9. Government is able to use SMS to spread information far more effectively than traditional channels and are therefore able to engage more closely with their “constituents”.
  10. The US Government was instrumental in the setting up of “crisis commons” which will be used for reporting on the US Oil Spill disaster, and it will utilise mechanical turk in order to translate messages into English which were originally in Creole”. Allowing a response at a faster rate due to this translation so ‘whats going on’ can be conveyed across
  11. there’s just so much information there it’s a little bit overwhelming but I think there’s some really good work and thinking in moving that towards becoming a data platform because of course so much of web 20 is about data it’s about applications that are built on information and the government creates manages and produces enormous amounts of information that is often locked away kind of like that that crate that gets put into the vast warehouse at the end of Raiders of the Lost Ark and instead we’re starting to unpack that warehouse hopefully not the ark though a good example of how this data.gov
  12. There are more jobs in this industry than there are workers, and the need is only growing.
  13. The Federal Government’s encouragement of technology has created an unprecedented opportunity for Americans with the initiative and confidence to create their own opportunities:
  14. State Governments have a lot more money than they do ideas; unless you have a good idea first, governments will do nothing until they decide it’s easy enough not to feel challenged by their new employees or that it costs too much money to maintain old systems for no purpose (in short: keep your job!)
  15. The Open Government Platform is a platform for the worldwide development of open government data. It is based on the Open Government Data (OGD) principles and on the Open Government Declaration.
  16. The OGP is a joint initiative of the Open Knowledge Foundation and the Sunlight Foundation.
  17. The Open Government Platform is a community platform, which is built by the community and for the community. It is a collaborative space where people can connect and collaborate to build the tools necessary to support the open government data movement.
  18. Whereas any platform needs at least a minimal set of user groups that utilize it on a monthly basis if not more.
  19. Whereas future building blocks for an open gov platform require clear priorities, strategies, policies

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Part 3:

Ted O’Reilly has written a lot, so this came from a Tech Crunch article:

Original Source: https://techcrunch.com/2009/09/04/gov-20-its-all-about-the-platform/

The five key points are:

1. The platform can be any system, public or private, that enables a network. For example, a bank branch is a platform, a social network is a platform, a credit card is a platform.

2. Platforms have three essential abilities.

3. Platforms have three essential characteristics.

4. Platforms create new opportunities for innovation.

5. These characteristics and opportunities can be used to define Government 2.0.

6. Can we imagine a new compact between government and the public, in which government puts in place mechanisms for services that are delivered not by government, but by private citizens? In other words, can government become a platform?

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Part 4:

Ted O’Reilly wrote another article but in Forbes

Original Source: https://www.forbes.com/2009/08/10/government-internet-software-technology-breakthroughs-oreilly.html?sh=7a55bf753b7b

That’s Government 2.0: technology helping build the kind of government the nation’s founders intended: of, for and by the people.

The five key points are:

1. Let the data be free

2. The problem is not that citizens lack access to information — it is that government has too much of it.

3. The internet is a disruptive technology, and governments need to embrace that, by sharing and creating.

4. Let the cyber-world appreciate how open government is.

5. Engage the citizens and make them part of the government.

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Part 5:

To bring this into application, we turn to Estonia to understand their application of a digital government. This could provide us with an example to understand how it could be applied in other countries.

Original Source : https://youtu.be/kaU7IPlg9PA

That is:

  1. World’s 1st country to have a national X-Road;
  2. World’s only e-Government;
  3. Public sector does not hold the data and it uses non-proprietary platforms for data exchange.
  4. This system allows carrying out operations with no possibility of data changes unnoticed
  5. The owners of the data are the citizens;
  6. The state government is in service to them, providing and operating systems for their use.
  7. The guarantee of reliability is based on blockchain software that allows carrying out operations in real time.
  8. Using an e-identity card as a primary means to identify a citizen in all interactions between services and companies provides security and does not depend on any other party.
  9. Using the same e-identity card for digital identity and signing digital documents makes state correspondence highly transparent (including interactions with businesses). Businesses digitally sign contracts with citizens, which actually creates a unique authentication environment for both parties. The contract can’t be implemented without valid signatures by both parties.

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Part 6:

Diving a bit deeper, We’re able to understand a bit more about Estonia’s approach:

Original Source: https://e-estonia.com/solutions/e-governance/

The Estonian Government Cloud is developed in collaboration between the Estonian Government, represented by the State Infocommunication Foundation (RIKS), and a consortium of private sector companies including Cybernetica, Dell EMC, Ericsson, OpenNode and Telia.

All consortium partners are responsible for specific contribution:

State Infocommunication Foundation (RIKS) — data centres and management of customer relations;

Cybernetica — ISKE certification process;

Dell EMC — hardware;

Ericsson — project management, hardware and software;

OpenNode — technical leadership and cloud orchestrator (self-service portal and service store);

Telia — operations, cloud related products and services.

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